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Submitted on
February 18
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Camera Data

Make
Canon
Model
Canon EOS 5D Mark II
Shutter Speed
1/160 second
Aperture
F/16.0
Focal Length
100 mm
ISO Speed
250
Date Taken
Jan 17, 2014, 11:17:26 PM
Software
Adobe Photoshop CS4 Windows
Sensor Size
6mm
×
Harvestman by melvynyeo Harvestman by melvynyeo
Taken at night in Singapore forest.

Quote from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opilione…
Many species are omnivorous, eating primarily small insects and all kinds of plant material and fungi; some are scavengers, feeding upon dead organisms, bird dung and other fecal material. This broad range is quite unusual in arachnids, which are usually pure predators. Most hunting harvestmen ambush their prey, although active hunting is also found. Because their eyes cannot form images, they use their second pair of legs as antennae to explore their environment. Unlike most other arachnids, harvestmen do not have a sucking stomach or a filtering mechanism. Rather, they ingest small particles of their food, thus making them vulnerable to internal parasites such as gregarines.[2]

Although parthenogenetic species do occur, most harvestmen reproduce sexually. Mating involves direct copulation, rather than the deposition of a spermatophore. The males of some species offer a secretion from their chelicerae to the female before copulation. Sometimes the male guards the female after copulation and, in many species, the males defend territories. The females lay eggs shortly after mating or anytime up to several months later. Some species build nests for this purpose. A unique feature of harvestmen is that in some species the male is solely responsible for guarding the eggs resulting from multiple partners, often against egg-eating females, and subjecting the eggs to regular cleaning. Depending on circumstances such as temperature, the eggs may hatch at any time after the first 20 days, up to about half a year after being laid. Harvestmen pass through four to eight nymphal instars to reach maturity. Most known species have six instars.[2]

Most species are nocturnal and colored in hues of brown, although there are a number of diurnal species, some of which have vivid patterns in yellow, green and black with varied reddish and blackish mottling and reticulation.
To deal with predators such as birds, mammals, amphibians and spiders, some species glue debris onto their body, while many play dead when disturbed. Many species practice autotomy; they detach their legs, which keep on moving, to confuse predators. Especially long-legged species vibrate their body ("bobbing"), probably also to confuse predators. This is similar to the behavior of the similar looking but unrelated cellar spider, which vibrates wildly in its web when touched. Scent glands emit substances that can deter larger predators, but are also effective against ants.[2]

Many species of harvestmen easily tolerate members of their own species, with aggregations of many individuals often found at protected sites near water. These aggregations may number 200 animals in the Laniatores, but more than 70,000 in certain Eupnoi. This behavior is likely a strategy against climatic odds, but also against predators, combining the effect of scent secretions, and reducing the probability of any particular individual of being eaten.[2]

Harvestman clean their legs after eating by drawing each leg in turn through their jaws.
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:icontdlballistic:
TDLBallistic Featured By Owner May 25, 2014
The ones in California don't look like this O_O
I... think.

If they do, jesus christ I'm glad I've never looked at them too closely.
Reply
:iconmelvynyeo:
melvynyeo Featured By Owner May 26, 2014
They should look more or less the same :) Plus minus the spikes :)
Reply
:iconstarry-bat1:
Starry-Bat1 Featured By Owner Feb 25, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
It took me a long, sad time to figure out where the face was... = u =lll

great picture
Reply
:iconlaladipepper123:
laladipepper123 Featured By Owner Feb 25, 2014  Hobbyist Filmographer
Knowing I'm afraid of spiders, I'm an idiot for clicking on this deviation...What's wrong with me?
Well, luckily it was a tarantula... Fff...HATE THOSE THINGS!!!
Reply
:iconwoodswallow:
Woodswallow Featured By Owner Feb 25, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
This is incredibly creepy!! Fantastic picture!
Reply
:icondraw-my-heart-on:
draw-my-heart-on Featured By Owner Feb 24, 2014
this looks like a creature from a sci-fi movie! (a human sized version of this would be absolutely terrifying)

Reply
:iconscaledone:
ScaledOne Featured By Owner Feb 24, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
Why do assholes arachnid haters bother to comment ? I hate puppies they are so lame and i do not bother to comment on puppy photos. Get a life dudes seriously. Awesome photo melvynyeo as always, i used to kee a pair of Metagyndes chilensis, from Chili, but they died out, one probably killed the other. I hope you will manage to identify this splendid species from Singapore. The mouth parts are very interesting, i think the big ones with silks are the pedipalpi ?
Reply
:iconmelvynyeo:
melvynyeo Featured By Owner Feb 26, 2014
:) I'm not sure of this particular species ID. Though they common here, not many people specialize in IDing Harvestman.
Reply
:iconbuhobotija:
buhobotija Featured By Owner Feb 23, 2014
great photo, and awesome information.
Reply
:iconhannahelizabethh:
hannahelizabethh Featured By Owner Feb 22, 2014  Student General Artist
ekkkkk :scared: 
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