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Bioluminescent Fungi by melvynyeo Bioluminescent Fungi by melvynyeo
Bioluminescence, the emission of visible light by living organisms, is known to occur in many distantly related phyla, including the fungi. Although written observations of this phenomenon in fungal species are reported to date as far back as Aristotle (384-322 BC) and Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD), and detailed studies have been conducted with many other organisms (i.e., insects, fish, dinoflagellates, bacteria), we know surprisingly little about the nature of the chemical reactions responsible for fungal bioluminescence, or even why this phenomenon occurs in fungal species.

Like all other organisms in which it occurs, bioluminescence in fungi is an oxygen-dependent reaction involving substrates generically termed luciferans, which is catalyzed by one or more of an assortment of unrelated enzymes referred to as luciferases. In fungi, both the luciferans and luciferases involved remain largely unidentified. During the luciferan-luciferase reaction, unstable chemical intermediates are produced. As these intermediates decompose excess energy is released as light emission, causing the tissues in which this reaction occurs to glow or luminesce. Although the older literature reports some fungal species as producing white or blue light, all recent studies and observations indicate that bioluminescent fungi emit a greenish light with a maximum around 520-530 nm.

Fungal luminescence has been hypothesized to attract invertebrates that aid in spore dispersal, which may be a suitable explanation for those species with luminescent basidiomes, but not for those in which only the mycelium emits light. Additional hypotheses include the attraction of predators of mycetophagous invertebrates, and even the function of emitted light as a warning to nocturnal heterotrophs that might consume the fungus or its substrate, similar to warning colorations observed in other organisms.

It is also possible that bioluminescence in these fungi is nothing more than the by-product of some other metabolic process. Because the reaction is oxygen-dependent, it has been hypothesized that bioluminescence may have evolved as a method to consume excess oxygen produced in the cells of organisms during other metabolic processes (i.e., an antioxidant).

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:iconlovell-simonsjanet:
Lovell-SimonsJanet Featured By Owner Mar 27, 2015  Professional General Artist

We are friends

right to the end

with Fabulous Fungi.


We need them near

They are so dear

Wonderous Fungi.


We can depend

right to the end

on Fantastic Fungi.


How about you

Do tell us true

What you love too

about the Fabulous

Wonderous

FantasticFungi!


 - A ladder of Luminescence, how beautiful and other-worldly. Amazing, there are so many living things still,
   even at over half-a-century old that I did not know existed. Life is such a gift.  Your work is outstanding! -

(Meanwhile, have you seen this spellbinding video on fungi? It is a joy and wonder to watch
and fabulous to learn how fungi could be exactly what we need to help many of our most pressing
problems in the world today. fantasticfungi.com/ )

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:iconndrn:
NdrN Featured By Owner Sep 10, 2013
Very nice!
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:iconamjad-miandad:
Amjad-Miandad Featured By Owner Aug 22, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
so beautiful
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:iconinsanity-pillz:
insanity-pillz Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013  Professional General Artist
Such neat little mushrooms~<3
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:iconpergamjee:
pergamjee Featured By Owner Aug 18, 2013
wow. must be mind-blowing to stumble across a batch of these ... like wandering into fairyland!
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:iconmelvynyeo:
melvynyeo Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013
Indeed :) But i'm still searching for a really huge cluster of them. Need to be really lucky to find a huge cluster because they don't last long... maybe 2-3days and they die...
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:iconpergamjee:
pergamjee Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013
I'll be keeping my fingers crossed for you! :)
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:icon147combatmedic:
147CombatMedic Featured By Owner Aug 17, 2013
Awesome!
:w00t:
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:iconmelvynyeo:
melvynyeo Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013
Thank you! :)
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:iconpyro-helfier:
pyro-helfier Featured By Owner Aug 14, 2013   General Artist
Absolutely amazing.  What a cool shot!
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:iconmelvynyeo:
melvynyeo Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013
Thank you! :)
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:iconpyro-helfier:
pyro-helfier Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013   General Artist
You're welcome :D
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:iconvasodelirium:
vasodelirium Featured By Owner Feb 9, 2013
hi!
your work is featured in my journal,hope you don't mind
have a great day!
:icondancekittyplz:
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:iconmelvynyeo:
melvynyeo Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013
Thank you! :)
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:iconkyphoscoliosis:
kyphoscoliosis Featured By Owner Oct 24, 2012
Best bioluminescent mushroom photo out there.
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:iconmelvynyeo:
melvynyeo Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013
Thank you! :)
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:iconjurgendewitte:
JurgendeWitte Featured By Owner May 29, 2012  Professional Photographer
Amazing! Poetic, creative... I like how you make such interesting descriptions!

I will definitely visit your gallery again. Best regards!
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:iconmelvynyeo:
melvynyeo Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013
Thank you! :)
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:iconev3oftheend:
Ev3OfTheEnd Featured By Owner May 25, 2012  Hobbyist Digital Artist
That is too cool :D
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:iconmelvynyeo:
melvynyeo Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013
Thank you! :)
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:iconsilverstar117:
SilverStar117 Featured By Owner May 16, 2012
I love bioluminescence. So much. This is inspiration to a whole host of shenanigans in a story I'm writing.
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:iconmelvynyeo:
melvynyeo Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013
Thank you! :)
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:iconluridrose:
LuridRose Featured By Owner May 15, 2012   Photographer
Beautiful :)
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:iconmelvynyeo:
melvynyeo Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013
Thank you! :)
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:iconherofan135:
herofan135 Featured By Owner May 14, 2012  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
These are amazing! I've known alot about bioluminescence in the deep ocean, but I've never seen glowing fungi, how cool is that! :wow:
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:iconmelvynyeo:
melvynyeo Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013
Thank you! :)
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:iconmisterz59:
MisterZ59 Featured By Owner May 14, 2012
Very Beautiful Pics, Good work!!!
I like the color
This subject inspires me
Byyye
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:iconmelvynyeo:
melvynyeo Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013
Thank you! :)
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:icondamiandrazhar:
DamianDrazhar Featured By Owner May 14, 2012
I wanna eat one
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:iconmelvynyeo:
melvynyeo Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013
Haha
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:icon2112yyz2112:
2112yyz2112 Featured By Owner May 14, 2012
A TRUE "BLUE:" MAGICAL MUSHROOM!!! LOL
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:iconmelvynyeo:
melvynyeo Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2013
:)
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